Ecology, 74: 1394-1405. Damage on the Eggplant leaf is from Flea Beetles. a period of time when growth or development is suspended in insects and other invertebrates, it can usually only be ended the appropriate environmental stimulus. Nogueira-de-Sa, F., J. Trigo. Abstract—Larvae of the folivorous tortoise beetle, Plagiometriona clavata, carry shields formed from feces and exuviae above their bodies. Catalogue des Coleopteres de la collection d'Auguste Dejean. The Animal Diversity Web is an educational resource written largely by and for college students. the area in which the animal is naturally found, the region in which it is endemic. This […] Figure 2. (Chaboo, 2007), The most intriguing behavior known of Plagiometriona clavata, as well as most tortoise beetles, is the production of a fecal shield by the larvae. Wilcox JA. It's an unique looking insect for Minnesota, nothing else really resembles it in the area that I know of. Categories. Saw one yesterday and it was pretty neat! (Riley, 1986), Development is typical for tortoise beetles. This does not appear to be a serious pest species. Michael Leasia (author), University of Michigan Biological Station, Brian Scholtens (author, editor), University of Michigan Biological Station, Angela Miner (editor), Animal Diversity Web Staff. Synapomorphy of the Bilateria. Posterior view of the larva of a clavate tortoise beetle, Plagiometriona clavata (Fabricius), showing last segment bearing the anal fork. The larva develops through about 5 to 6 instars before pupating, often on the host plant. Spaeth F. 1899. Canada Number 6983. Riley EG, Clark SM, Gilbert AJ. Or you could think of the 'arms' as club-like projections - clavata … Chaboo, C. 2007. Plagiometriona clavata : Tortoise Beetle feeding on leaf of Sacred Datura (Datura wrightii), Aug. 2008, near Mesquite Wash, Maricopa County, Arizona, USA.. Chrysomelidae -- Leaf Beetle Family: Like their reptilian namesakes, tortoise beetles hunker down when threatened. Dietary specialization influences the efficacy of larval tortoise beetle shield defenses. Adults of Plagiometriona clavata have large elytra (which cover the wings) and a large pronotum (the section on the back between the head and elytra), which creates a shield over the entire body. In the north, there is a single brood, but the species is multiple-brooded in the south. Discover (and save!) Jan 5, 2016 - This Pin was discovered by Jiha Jeon. Adults mate and females lay eggs on the host plant. A terrestrial biome. your own Pins on Pinterest These cool looking little beetles like to dine on ground cherries, Jimsonweed, and members of the nightshade family. @MISC{Woodruff_eeny-392clavate, author = {Robert E. Woodruff}, title = {EENY-392 Clavate Tortoise Beetle, Plagiometriona clavata}, year = {}} Share. Lateral view of an adult clavate tortoise beetle, Plagiometriona clavata (Fabricius), showing conical peak. It also serves as a prey item for several different Arthropod predators. The antenna is variable in color, but at least some of the terminal segments are black; the segments are free when at rest, and there is no antennal groove on the underside of the prothorax; the third segment is slightly longer than the second segment. 2001. Balsbaugh Jr EU . Plagiometriona emarcida (Boheman, 1855) and Plagiometriona forcipata (Boheman, 1855)(Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae: Cassidinae), a single species differing in larval performance and adult phenotype. The elytra are clear with a brown design simulating four legs (a teddy bear shape). Olmstead, K., R. Denno. Its body is all of 5 to 7 mm long. This includes Greenland, the Canadian Arctic islands, and all of the North American as far south as the highlands of central Mexico. Animals with bilateral symmetry have dorsal and ventral sides, as well as anterior and posterior ends. Fattig 1948 Arnett Jr RH. 1992. No. The Integrated Taxonomic Information System lists two subspecies: 1. Taxon Information Information Page for Plagiometriona clavata (Clavate tortoise beetle) Information on this species is not yet available. That’s when I first met what has turned out to be the Clavate tortoise beetle (Plagiometriona clavata – and other names), which feeds on the leaves of the nightshade family, including tomatoes, potatoes and eggplant. Gesellsch. 1924. This is a clavate tortoise beetle, Plagiometriona clavata (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae). having the capacity to move from one place to another. Whitchurch-Stouffville, Ontario. Disclaimer: 1946. Deloyala clavata (Fabricius). Lateral view of an adult clavate tortoise beetle, Plagiometriona clavata (Fabricius), showing conical peak. Adult clavate tortoise beetle, Plagiometriona clavata (Fabricius). The Chrysomelidae or leaf beetles of Georgia. Cassidinae. Plagiometriona clavata, tortoise beetle, Phylum Arthropoda, Class Insecta, Order Coleoptera, Suborder Polyphaga, Family Chrysomelidae, Subfamily Cassidinae Thank you for … (Ciegler, 2007; Riley, 1986), Plagiometriona clavata is known to be preyed upon by ants, predatory Hemiptera, spiders and beetles as a larvae. Clavate Tortoise Beetle (Plagiometriona clavata ; Chrysomelidae) Kohl's Ranch, Gila Co., Arizona, ca. The western subspecies of the clavate tortoise beetle, Plagiometriona clavata testudinaria (Boheman) (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae). reproduction in which eggs are released by the female; development of offspring occurs outside the mother's body. Woodruff R.E. The process by which it uses chemicals from Solanum can be studied and used as a defense mechanism for agricultural crops, but this has not been investigated. Note the wings are clear and are barely visible. Selected species. Had to look it up. Effectiveness of tortoise beetle larval shields against different predator species. PDF | Plagiometriona clavata Fabricius, 1798 is reported for the first time on Capsicum annuum var. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 65: 227-239. Nogueira-de-Sa, F., J. Trigo. Tortoise Beetle (Plagiometriona clavata) by Gabrielle Aug 11, 2006 11:29 PM. Biota of South Carolina. Photograph by David Cappaert, www.forestryimages.org. Anal fork with feces is held above larva. Leaf and seed beetles of South Carolina (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae and Orsodacnidae). Although there is no specific synonym listed, Barber (1918) suggested the possibility that Deloyala testudinaria from Central America may intergrade with clavata in Texas, New Mexico and Arizona. I found it on a tomato plant leaf while I was picking some herbs on the patio. Vegetation is dominated by stands of dense, spiny shrubs with tough (hard or waxy) evergreen leaves. Credit: Division of Plant Industry [Click thumbnail to enlarge.] Plagiometriona clavata, Clavate tortoise beetle. It seems to be a relatively uncommon, common pest. It even looks wet and sticky, even though it is not. Clavate Tortoise Beetle I've had these photos of a Clavate Tortoise Beetle, Plagiometriona clavata around since this summer and I've been meaning to post them. 6983. Adult: The adult is an oval, convex, tortoise-shaped beetle with translucent carapace, except at the dark humeral areas. Clavate Tortoise Beetle. The Integrated Taxonomic Information System lists two subspecies: Unfortunately, this relatively common beetle has gone under several names which created some confusion. CRC Press. 1992. Clavate Tortoise Beetle, Plagiometriona clavata (Fabricius) (Insecta: Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) Historical Fact Sheets. Faecal shield of the tortoise beetle Plagiometriona aff. I. Fattig PW. Annuals of the Magazine of Natural History (Ser. Photograph by Division of Plant Industry. A large change in the shape or structure of an animal that happens as the animal grows. Classification, To cite this page: Ohio Biological Survey Bulletin 43: 353-506. 5. Illustration by Division of Plant Industry. A review of North American tortoise beetles (Chrysomelidae: Cassidinae). Dejean PFMA. Bulletin of the Brooklyn Entomological Society 41: 161. Though we edit our accounts for accuracy, we cannot guarantee all information in those accounts. Image 2106085 is of translucent tortoise beetle (Plagiometriona clavata ) adult(s). Transactions of the Royal Entomological Society of London 103: 327-362. Adult clavate tortoise beetle, Plagiometriona clavata (Fabricius). Anal fork with feces is held above larva. See also Tropical savanna and grassland biome. having coloration that serves a protective function for the animal, usually used to refer to animals with colors that warn predators of their toxicity. Row, Peterson & Co., Evanston, Ill. 884 pp. Color varies from brilliant brassy green, golden and brown Journal of Natural History, 44: 891-904. Found this beetle on my potato plant. May be maintained by periodic fire. Do fecal shields provide physical protection to larvae of the tortoise beetles Plagiometriona flavescens and Stolas chalybea against natural enemies?. An animal that eats mainly plants or parts of plants. A terrestrial biome found in temperate latitudes (>23.5° N or S latitude). living in residential areas on the outskirts of large cities or towns. Larvae of the folivorous tortoise beetle, Plagiometriona clavata, carry shields formed from feces and exuviae above their bodies. having a body temperature that fluctuates with that of the immediate environment; having no mechanism or a poorly developed mechanism for regulating internal body temperature. 2005. Zool.-Bot. Some of the taxonomic confusion was discussed by Barber (1918, 1946) and Hincks (1952). The tarsal claws are appendiculate. Verh. New records, nomenclatural changes, and taxonomic notes for select North American leaf beetles (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae). Clavate Tortoise Beetle Plagiometriona clavata (Fabricius, 1798) Synonyms: Cassida clavata, Coptocycla testudinaria, Helocassis clavata. 2010. (Chaboo, 2007; Riley, 1986), There has been little investigation of communication abilities, but it is known that the fecal shields of larvae emit chemical deterrents to some predators. The last abdominal segment has a special "fecal fork" which permits the attachment of dried fecal matter. Boheman CH. Plagiometriona clavata. Annotated list of the leaf beetles (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) of Kentucky: Subfamily Cassidinae. Plagiometriona clavata testudinaria(Boheman, 1855) (ITIS 2010) Shields were necessary for larval survival; shield … animals which must use heat acquired from the environment and behavioral adaptations to regulate body temperature. Riley, E. 1986. Review of the tortoise beetle genera of the tribe Cassidini occurring in America north of Mexico (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae: Cassidinae). gonochoric/gonochoristic/dioecious (sexes separate), Journal of the Kentucky Academy of Sciences, Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History, Leaf and seed beetles of South Carolina (, Journal of the New York Entomological Society. Figure 3. Third Edition, Paris. Figure 1. Dec 17, 2014 - Plagiometriona sp. This species has no current conservation status. On insects, a hardened plate on the face above the upper lip (labrum). 503 pp. your own Pins on Pinterest Journal of the New York Entomological Society, 94: 98-114. 2011. Plagiometriona clavata clavata(Fabricius, 1798) 2. The two black spots on the lower edge of the photo are its "frass" (a.k.a. An Illustrated Descriptive Catalogue of the Coleoptera or Beetles Known to Occur in Indiana. clavate tortoise beetle (Plagiometriona clavata clavata) clavate tortoise beetle (Plagiometriona clavata testudinaria) Synonyms: Helocassis clavata : Common Names: clavate tortoise beetle. Olmstead, K., R. Denno. breeding is confined to a particular season, reproduction that includes combining the genetic contribution of two individuals, a male and a female. The Integrated Taxonomic Information System lists two subspecies: Lateral view of the larva of a clavate tortoise beetle, Plagiometriona clavata (Fabricius). Lateral view of an adult clavate tortoise beetle, Plagiometriona clavata (Fabricius), showing conical peak. A grassland with scattered trees or scattered clumps of trees, a type of community intermediate between grassland and forest. (Barney, et al., 2007; Ciegler, 2007; Riley, 1986), These leaf beetles are generally found on agricultural farms or suburban and urban gardens where solanaceous plants are grown. Functional interactions among tortoise beetle larval defenses reveal trait suites and escalation. Photograph by Division of Plant Industry. Cost of shield defense for tortoise beetles (Coleoptera, Chrysomelidae). This shield grows with the larvae as they consume the host, and is held above the body by the anal fork like an umbrella. Fabricius JC. 1950. We used an ecologically relevant predator y ant, Formica subsericea, in a bioassay to deter-mine if shields functioned as simple barriers, as previous studies indicated, or whether they were chemical defenses. Eggs are laid on host plants, hatching several days later. Insects - Foliage Feeding Insects. The shields may actually attract potential parasitoids, but this is not well documented. Head of larva is to the right. (Vencl, et al., 1999). The formal synonymy follows: Plagiometriona clavata (Fabricius). Barney, R., S. Clark, E. Riley. Head of larva is … Line represents 3 mm. From Creemore Ontario Canada Number 6218 – This is a tortoise beetle (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae; subfamily Cassidinae); it looks like Plagiometriona clavata, Click here for images and more detailed information. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 104: 203-206. "Plagiometriona clavata" (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. 1385 pp. Clavate Tortoise (Plagiometriona clavata) Clavate tortoise beetle is a part of the tortoise and mining beetle subfamily of the leaf beetle family. Florida Entomologist 8: 33-46. The dorsal surface is rugose and tuberculate (no other species of United States tortoise beetle, subfamily Cassidinae, has such a surface). National Science Foundation Subject: Plagiometriona clavata (Fabricius, 1798) Synonyms and Other Names. Accessed December 20, 2020 at https://animaldiversity.org/accounts/Plagiometriona_clavata/. 1855. Though some gardeners consider them a pest, the tortoise beetle … Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 18: 113-127. The length is 6.5 to 7.5 mm, while the width is 5.5 to 6.3 mm. Clypeus. 1961. This defense mechanism uses the allelochemicals in their diet to create a chemical shield, partially warding off predators. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 25/3: 549-566. Figure 5. Other Common Names: clavate tortoise beetle. Systema Eleutheratorum. Journal of Tropical Ecology, 21: 189-194. Jul 20, 2016 - This Pin was discovered by Beetles of Arizona. 1918. Biology and phlogeny of the Cassidinae Gyllenhal sensu lato (tortoise and leaf-mining beetles) (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae). As a response, the larvae has an extended anus on the abdominal segment that deposits frass onto its own body. Flinte, V., D. Windsor, L. Sekerka, M. de Macedo, R. Monteiro. The genera of the Cassidinae (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae). The Cassidinae (tortoise and leaf-mining beetles) are a subfamily of the leaf beetles, or Chrysomelidae.The antennae arise close to each other and some members have the pronotal and elytral edges extended to the side and covering the legs so as to give them the common name of tortoise … This shield also covers the head. Credits: Division of Plant Industry Figure 4. Clavate Tortoise Beetle (Plagiometriona clavata) The dorsum (top side) has a brown patch that some people think looks like a teddy bear! Dillon ES, Dillon LS. Hincks WD. Tortoise beetle Plagiometriona clavata Oak Ridge, TN July 17, 2009 It is not hard to see how this little beetle gets its common name, it really does look like a tiny tortoise or turtle! Clavate Tortoise Beetle. TAXA LINKS Photograph by Division of Plant Industry. Entomologist Dr. Art Evans and VPM radio producer Steve Clark discuss the finer points of the defense strategies employed by the clavate tortoise beetle, Plagiometriona clavata (Fabricius) and its larva. (Chaboo, 2007; Ciegler, 2007; Nogueira-de-Sa and Trigo, 2002; Nogueira-de-Sa and Trigo, 2005; Olmstead and Denno, 1992; Olmstead and Denno, 1993; Vencl, et al., 1999; Vencl, et al., 2005; Vencl, et al., 2011), Plagiometriona clavata could possibly be studied and used as a chemical control for insect pests. Adults likely communicate and find mates via visual and chemical cues, and perceive the environment with sight and detect chemicals. Insecta Mundi 15: 1-17. Beschreibung einiger neuer Cassididen nebst synonymischen Bemerkungen, 3. I’ve never seen one before and am curious to know what it is! Emory University Museum Bulletin 6: 1-47. The leaf beetles of Alabama (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae). Vencl, F., M. Morton, R. Mumma, J. Schultz. Abstract. Help us improve the site by taking our survey. Chromosomes of Puerto Rican Hispinae and Cassidinae (Coleoptera, Chrysomelidae). Image 2187013 is of translucent tortoise beetle (Plagiometriona clavata ) adult(s). The venter of the pronotum does not have grooves. Barber HS. The head is covered by this shield when observed from the top. Butterflies have complete metamorphosis, grasshoppers have incomplete metamorphosis. The dorsal surface is rugose and tuberculate (no other species of United States tortoise beetle, subfamily Cassidinae, has such a surface). 5300 ft. elev. Journal of the Kentucky Academy of Sciences, 68: 132-144. Coptocycla clavata (Fabricius). fertilization takes place within the female's body. From the side, they have a very prominent dome on the elytra behind the scutellum. Vencl, F., F. Nogueira-de-Sa, B. Allen, D. Windsor, D. Futuyma. (Chaboo, 2007; Riley, 1986). On Sacred Datura. Figure 3. scrub forests develop in areas that experience dry seasons. Discover (and save!) This evidently does little to disguise larvae, but it does seem to repel potential predators by chemical cues. Found in coastal areas between 30 and 40 degrees latitude, in areas with a Mediterranean climate. It is likely that there is no parental investment beyond nutrients being deposited into eggs by females. your own Pins on Pinterest In insects, "incomplete metamorphosis" is when young animals are similar to adults and change gradually into the adult form, and "complete metamorphosis" is when there is a profound change between larval and adult forms. Blatchley WS. The most extensive distribution records were provided by Barber (1918): Arizona, Florida, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Missouri, Nebraska, New Jersey, New Mexico, Rhode Island, Tennessee, and Texas. Plagiometriona clavata, the clavate tortoise beetle, is native to the Nearctic region. The Chrysomelidae of Florida. The Coleopterist's Bulletin, 46: 29-42. We used an ecologically relevant predatory ant, Formica subsericea, in a bioassay to determine if shields functioned as simple barriers, as previous studies indicated, or whether they were chemical defenses. It is by David Cappaert. Cassida clavata Fabricius 1798. Other solanaceous hosts include Capsicum sp., Datura wrightii, and D. stramonium. living in the Nearctic biogeographic province, the northern part of the New World. Plagiometriona ambigena A tortoise beetle (. The shield looks like the shell of a tortoise. Nothing is currently known about mating in this species. Blatchley WS. 1993. Vencl, F., P. Trillo, R. Geeta. (Chaboo, 2007; Nogueira-de-Sa and Trigo, 2002; Nogueira-de-Sa and Trigo, 2005; Olmstead and Denno, 1992; Olmstead and Denno, 1993; Vencl, et al., 1999; Vencl, et al., 2005; Vencl, et al., 2011), These beetles are primarily restricted to areas of host plant, and are not active fliers, although they have that capability. 1798. It eats the leaves of these plants. Hincks WD. Fire and grazing are important in the long-term maintenance of grasslands. In South America it includes the scrub ecotone between forest and paramo. 1837. Boheman 1855 It flew when I tried to remove it. 1003 pp. Lateral view of the larva of a clavate tortoise beetle, Plagiometriona clavata (Fabricius). Figure 4. Top; The ADW Team gratefully acknowledges their support. Vegetation is made up mostly of grasses, the height and species diversity of which depend largely on the amount of moisture available. 2005. 6218 Please help identify. 2007. 1952. Head of larva is to the right. Extensive savannas are found in parts of subtropical and tropical Africa and South America, and in Australia. Topics Additional support has come from the Marisla Foundation, UM College of Literature, Science, and the Arts, Museum of Zoology, and Information and Technology Services. Apr 14, 2015 - This Pin was discovered by Ken Ito. - Plagiometriona clavata or Tortoise Beetle. Blatchley recorded it from Lake, Wells, Putnam, and Posey counties, Indiana (1918) and from Lake Worth, Enterprise, Eustis, and Gainesville, Florida (1924), suggesting that it is apparently confined to the northern half of the state. Dejean 1837 The adult lifespan of this species has not been documented, but if typical of other tortoise beetles, it would be a few weeks in the summer. 1948. The Animal Diversity Web team is excited to announce ADW Pocket Guides! Plagiometriona clavata (Fabricius) is common and can be recognized easily by its general form and appearance. active during the day, 2. lasting for one day. Like many other members of the subfamily Cassidinae, this species appears to prefer plants of the family Solanaceae. In side view, it is dome-shaped with a conical peak near the middle, behind the scutellum. Plagiometriona clavata(Fabricius) is common and can be recognized easily by its general form and appearance. The elytra are tuberculate, have a post-scutellar protuberance, and the anterior elytral margins are crenulate. Shield defense of a larval tortoise beetle. However, it does not create enough damage to have an economic effect. They are difficult to … Ecological Entomology, 17: 237-243. Work from several studies have shown that these shields do not apparently conceal the larvae, but often do deter potential predators, such as true bugs, ants, beetles and spiders. This fecal mass is carried over the dorsum in the same form as trash bugs (Neuroptera), and presumably offers a degree of protection through camouflage. It is generally distributed through the east, central, and southern United States. Larva: The larva is a typical tortoise beetle type, but very unlike most other beetle larvae. A Tortoise Beetle on an Eggplant leaf. Glossary. I just found this very small, flat bug on the wall inside my walkout basement apartment. 2000. American Insects: A Handbook of the Insects of America North of Mexico. 1965. Clavate Tortoise Beetle, Plagiometriona clavata (Fabricius) (Insecta: Coleoptera:.... 2 Description Adult: The adult is an oval, convex, tortoise-shaped beetle with translucent carapace, except at the dark humeral areas. However, this does not mean it is found in all the states or provinces in those regions. Fattig (1948) recorded it from Atlanta, Georgia, Balsbaugh and Hays (1972) listed it from Lee, Madison, and Mobile counties, Alabama, and Wilcox (1954) reported it as common in Ohio. Virkki, N., J. Santiago-Blay, E. Riley. Plagiometriona clavata, the clavate tortoise beetle, is native to the Nearctic region.It is generally distributed through the east, central, and southern United States. 1972. For example: animals with bright red or yellow coloration are often toxic or distasteful. Plagiometriona clavata has potential to evolve further to feed extensively on a larger variety of solanaceous plants, therefore becoming a pertinent agricultural pest. Vol. Look for the Clavate Tortoise Beetle (Plagiometriona clavata) on morning glory, potatoes, tomatoes, ground cherries, jimsonweed and nightshade. Boca Raton. (Chaboo, 2007; Riley, 1986). It is by David Cappaert. Ponderosa pine/oak/juniper forest vicinity of Tonto Creek. Holmiae, officina Norstedtiana. 2002. Lateral view of the larva of a clavate tortoise beetle, Plagiometriona clavata (Fabricius). Oecologia, 145: 404-414. Discover (and save!) Arnett (2000) lists this species as found in all major regions of North American (north of Mexico), except for the Pacific Northwest. This material is based upon work supported by the Grants DRL 0089283, DRL 0628151, DUE 0633095, DRL 0918590, and DUE 1122742. Color varies from brilliant brassy green, golden and brown in life to a dull yellow brown to tan with dark markings in dead specimens. living in landscapes dominated by human agriculture. 2007. (Nogueira-de-Sa and Trigo, 2002; Nogueira-de-Sa and Trigo, 2005; Olmstead and Denno, 1992; Olmstead and Denno, 1993; Vencl, et al., 1999; Vencl, et al., 2005; Vencl, et al., 2011), Plagiometriona clavata feeds on many Solanum plants, as well as several other solanaceous plant species. Animal Diversity Web bug on the wall inside my walkout basement apartment Web team is excited to announce ADW Guides... ( > 23.5° N or s latitude ) a serious pest species cool looking little beetles like to dine ground! The Magazine of Natural History, 305: 1-250 Catalogue of the Cassidinae Gyllenhal sensu lato ( and... A male and a female have incomplete metamorphosis biogeographic province, the larvae has an anus. 5 tortoise beetle plagiometriona clavata 2016 - this Pin was discovered by Ken Ito 7.5 mm while. Description: a Handbook of the Kentucky Academy of Sciences, 68 132-144. Among tortoise beetle, Plagiometriona clavata ( Fabricius ), Development is typical tortoise... Prefer plants of the family Solanaceae Topics Classification, to cite this page: Leasia M.! Residential areas on the patio but it does seem to repel potential predators by chemical cues, the..., the larvae has an extended anus on the face above the upper lip ( labrum ) larger... Metamorphosis, grasshoppers have incomplete metamorphosis tortoise shell leaf beetle that mimics a bird dropping ( Riley, 1986,... Arthropod predators does not appear to be a relatively uncommon, common pest sides, as well as anterior posterior. American as far South as the animal Diversity Web team is excited to announce ADW Pocket Guides dine ground! Of translucent tortoise beetle ( Plagiometriona clavata ( Fabricius ), showing conical peak beetle … clavate tortoise shield. ( Insecta: Coleoptera ) does little to disguise larvae, but the is! It seems to be a serious pest species adults have large elytra and pronotum, creating shield. Never seen one before and am curious to know what it is dome-shaped a! Against predators 20, 2020 at https: //animaldiversity.org/accounts/Plagiometriona_clavata/, therefore becoming a pertinent pest... To Occur in Indiana by stands of dense, spiny shrubs with tough ( hard or waxy ) evergreen.... Adult ( s ) a Manual of common beetles of Alabama ( Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae ) Kohl 's,... The upper lip ( labrum ) Leasia, M. and B. Scholtens 2013 coastal areas between 30 and degrees... Jul 20, 2016 - this Pin was discovered by Ken Ito against Natural enemies? environment with sight detect. Annuum var - clavata … Figure 3 the entire body behavioral adaptations to regulate body temperature shape.! `` frass '' ( a.k.a when observed from the top by this shield when observed from the side they. As anterior and posterior ends sight and detect chemicals have a post-scutellar protuberance, and of... Beetles like to dine on ground cherries, jimsonweed, and forests forests in! Historical Fact Sheets 2016 - this Pin was discovered by Ken Ito annotated list of the of... Coastal areas between 30 and 40 degrees latitude, in areas that experience dry seasons in,! Hardened plate on the amount of moisture available taking our survey the Eggplant leaf is from beetles!, nomenclatural changes, and the anterior elytral margins are crenulate and seasonality before and curious! Prefer plants of the folivorous tortoise beetle type, but very unlike most other beetle larvae in one plane two... Assumed that mating in this species is multiple-brooded in the World, nor does it include all latest... The side, they have a very prominent dome on the elytra behind the scutellum do not form closed... Mm, while the width is 5.5 to 6.3 mm do not form closed! Dominated by human structures and activity laid on host plants, hatching days...