Our illustrated, step-by-step process makes it easy to identify a tree simply by the kinds of leaves it produces. Using a tree twig key is an excellent way to identify a tree when no leaves are available. Or select a region for a larger-scale map. If you've ever spent time in the woods, you've probably encountered a tree or two that you can't readily identify. With age, the bark develops shallow grooves, deep fissures and bosses. The current Native Trees of Ontario Collection was originally based on a list of some 85 species compiled by Dennis Joyce and Brad Graham in 1994. broadleaf trees shed their leaves in autumn. Native Trees of Southwestern Ontario including pictures of eastern flowering dogwood, dogwood, scarlet hawthorn, american beech, white ash, black ash, blue ash, green ash, kentucky coffee tree… But using a tree twig key means learning a twig's botanical parts. Begin identifying your tree by choosing the appropriate region below. In coniferous forests, most species are between 50 and 100 ft. (15 – 30 m) tall. If you're new to tree & shrub identification, please go here. There are a number of interesting articles from The Monday Garden on this site. In just a few minutes, you'll be able to name many of the common trees in North America. Each tree species has certain characteristics that distinguish it from other kinds of trees. The pine is identified by needles that are 3” to 6” (8 – 15 cm) long and brown ovoid cones measuring 3” to 6” (8 – 15 cm). In growing timber for a specific use or in choosing trees to be cut for a certain purpose, one must know what kinds of wood are required to best serve that purpose. The term comes from the Greek angion (vessel) and sperma (seed).To give an example, the seeds of an apple tree are carried in the fruit. In addition to the external characteristics, the wood of each tree species varies. In optimum conditions, Monterey pines can grow to 200 ft. (60 m). Pine tree identification. Click on the map as close as possible to your intended planting site. Abies balsamea - Balsam Fir; Acer rubrum - Red Maple; Betula papyrifera - Paper Birch Each species account in the list below includes photos, identification information, natural history and cultural aspects of our leafy friends. You don't need to be a forestry expert to figure it out; all you need is a sample leaf or needle and this handy tree-identification guide. Wild cherry tree bark is shiny and maroon, with ‘tiger’ stripes; often also deep grooves and lenticel strips. Ontario Trees and Shrubs : A comprehensive guide with photographs to aid in identifying trees & shrubs in Ontario There are currently 158 species featured on this site : Look up trees & shrubs by: Common Names (all known Common Names for every species) Common Names (each species listed only once) Humour - a humorous look at tree/shrub-related topics. Tree Identification Field Guide. Our native tree species are the backbone of many different Ontario habitats. Ash tree bark is smooth and pale grey in saplings. The list was enhanced to include all species covered by the Tree Atlas project in a attempt to recognize that a number of species have been introduced since the pre-settlement forest was described. Table of Contents. What Tree Is That? Identify a broadleaf tree Broadleaf trees are collectively referred to as hardwoods and botanists classify them as angiosperms. The Tree Atlas : Southwest region Learn which trees are native to Ontario and the best species to plant where you live. Native Trees. We will continue to add species to the following list as accounts are completed. Old bark peels off in ribbons. Northwestern Ontario Forest: Common Tree Species. A twig key can help you identify a tree to the specific species by asking two question where you can affirm one and eliminate the other. 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